Q5: There have been more noises on the issue of Taiwan recently. You said once that it is dangerous to play the "Taiwan card". But some people seem eager to play it anyway. What do you think is behind this? And what would be the consequences?
Le Yucheng: The noises you refer to are that some people in the United States breach the one-China commitment and keep stepping on the red line, using salami tactics and playing the "Taiwan card". The one-China principle is the cornerstone of the establishment and development of our diplomatic ties. Without a solid foundation, everything above will be shaky. Taking the foundation as a card is as dangerous as playing with fire while holding firewood. On the other hand, Taiwan should not entertain being used as a card. A self-perceived trump card may eventually end up being useless or discarded.
I wish to emphasize that any attempt to contain China by using the Taiwan question, and to obstruct China's reunification and rejuvenation will end up in failure. China's reunification and rejuvenation is unstoppable. As President Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the meeting marking the 110th anniversary of the Revolution of 1911 that no one should underestimate the resolve, the will and the ability of the Chinese people to defend their national sovereignty and territorial integrity. The historic mission of China's complete reunification must be achieved and can definitely be achieved.
Q6: The U.S. claims that it does not want a new Cold War, but at the same time, it is forming small blocs and putting together the so-called "Leaders' Summit for Democracy". What is your view about that?
Le Yucheng: I have noticed that in his recent UN General Assembly speech, President Joe Biden said that the U.S. is not seeking a new Cold War or a divided world. But at the same time the United States has moved to piece together AUKUS, upgrade the Quad and enhance the Five Eyes. This is nothing but the same old Cold War approach.
With regard to the so-called Summit for Democracy, the U.S. record of democracy is anything but glorious. The storming of the Capitol is still fresh in everybody's memory. Internationally, the U.S. has created one mess after another through "color revolution" and "democratic transformation". Moreover, with only some members of the international community participating, how democratic can the summit be? Democracy is a common value of the entire humanity, not a special right for any individual country. Monopolizing the definition of democracy to the advantage of certain countries and instigating ideological confrontation along the line of "democracy versus authoritarianism" is the direct opposite of democracy. It will bring nothing but harm.
Follow-up: How will China respond on the diplomatic front to the wrong actions by the U.S.? What specific actions have been taken?
Le Yucheng: While the United States is busy building small blocs and playing zero-sum games in geopolitics, China is more actively safeguarding international peace and stability, building a community with a shared future for mankind, and making positive contribution to the world. In his speech at the General Assembly, President Xi Jinping proposed the Global Development Initiative to promote more robust, greener and more balanced global development and to speed up the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We have provided more than 1.25 billion doses of vaccines for the world, and will raise the total number to two billion doses by the end of this year. We are working hard to get the world together to fight the virus, oppose politicizing origins-tracing, and enable the world to step out of the shadow of the pandemic as soon as possible. We are taking an active part in international cooperation on climate change and implementing the climate cooperation initiatives put forth by President Xi Jinping. We have announced that we will not build new coal-fired power projects abroad. And this week we are hosting COP15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the UN Global Sustainable Transport Conference in order to facilitate a global transition toward green and low-carbon development. We are playing a unique and constructive role on hotspot issues, such as Afghanistan, the Iranian nuclear issue, and the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, in order to safeguard regional peace and stability. We uphold true multilateralism. We actively promote the reform of the global governance system. We are firmly opposed to any attempt to create a new Cold War. China's diplomacy always strives to conform with the trend of the times, to stand on the right side of history and to uphold international fairness and justice. This is the right path, and we will stay the course.
樂玉成：與美國忙于拉各種小圈子、搞地緣零和博弈相對照，中國更加積極維護國際和平穩定、推動構建人類命運共同體，不斷為世界注入正能量。習近平主席今年在聯大講話中，向世界鄭重提出全球發展倡議，致力于推動實現更加強勁、綠色、健康的全球發展，加快落實聯合國 2030 年可持續發展議程。我們已經向世界提供超過 12.5億劑疫苗，年內將提供 20 億劑，積極凝聚全球抗疫合力，反對疫情溯源政治化，助推世界盡快走出疫情陰影。我們積極參與氣候變化國際合作，落實習主席提出的氣變合作主張和倡議，宣布不再新建境外煤電項目，籌備舉辦《生物多樣性公約》第十五次締約方大會、聯合國全球可持續交通大會等，助力世界綠色低碳轉型。我們同國際社會一道參與調解地區熱點，在阿富汗、伊核、朝核等問題上發揮獨特的建設性作用，維護地區和平穩定。我們堅持真正的多邊主義，積極推動全球治理體系改革，堅決反對搞“新冷戰”。中國外交始終順應時代發展潮流，始終站在歷史正確一邊，始終維護國際公平正義。這條正確的道路，我們會堅定不移走下去。
Q7: Thanks to the efforts by the Chinese government, Ms. Meng Wanzhou returned to the motherland on 25 September. Some comments suggest that China is by far the only country that was able to push back U.S. long-arm jurisdiction. What factors contributed to Meng's return?
Le Yucheng: With the relentless efforts of the Chinese government, Meng Wanzhou returned home safely after over 1,000 days of illegal detention. Her return on the eve of China's National Day, was a particularly special gift on the occasion.
The Chinese authorities always had Meng Wanzhou in mind during her nearly three years of illegal detention. President Xi Jinping paid personal attention to the situation. During his phone call with U.S. president, President Xi raised the issue explicitly and urged the U.S. to properly resolve it as soon as possible. Of course, the support of the 1.4 billion Chinese people has been a tremendous factor. A netizen commented that Meng was detained and released because of China's rise. Our competent authorities and diplomatic and consular missions in the U.S. and Canada also worked very hard. After her return, the Foreign Ministry has received many flowers, especially from university students. It is a big endorsement of our people-centered diplomacy.
Follow-up: What does China's experience mean to other countries?
Le Yucheng: Some say Meng Wanzhou was freed from not only the electronic tracker, but also the shackles of hegemony and coercion, and it shows that nothing can stand in the way of Chinese people's march forward. I have noted that Frédéric Pierucci, a former senior manager of the French company Alstom, commented that her case is likely to be a historic turning point, encouraging other countries to stand up and fight back in the face of hegemony and power politics. I believe he is right.