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      1994年碩士入學考試英語閱讀真題附答案詳解:TEXT3

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      1994 Passage 3
      Exceptional children are different in some significant way from others of the same age. For these children to develop to their full adult potential, their education must be adapted to those differences.
      Although we focus on the needs of exceptional children, we find ourselves describing their environment as well. While the leading actor on the stage captures our attention, we are aware of the importance of the supporting players and the scenery of the play itself. Both the family and the society in which exceptional children live are often the key to their growth and development. And it is in the public schools that we find the full expression of society's understanding — the knowledge, hopes, and fears that are passed on to the next generation.
      Education in any society is a mirror of that society. In that mirror we can see the strengths, the weaknesses, the hopes, the prejudices, and the central values of the culture itself. The great interest in exceptional children shown in public education over the past three decades indicates the strong feeling in our society that all citizens, whatever their special conditions, deserve the opportunity to fully develop their capabilities.
      "All men are created equal." We've heard it many times, but it still has important meaning for education in a democratic society. Although the phrase was used by this country's founders to denote equality before the law, it has also been interpreted to mean equality of opportunity. That concept implies educational opportunity for all children — the right of each child to receive help in learning to the limits of his or her capacity, whether that capacity be small or great. Recent court decisions have confirmed the right of all children — disabled or not — to an appropriate education, and have ordered that public schools take the necessary steps to provide that education. In response, schools are modifying their programs, adapting instruction to children who are exceptional, to those who cannot profit substantially from regular programs.

      59. In paragrah 2, the author cites the example of the leading actor on the stage to show that ________.
      [A] the growth of exceptional children has much to do with their family and the society
      [B] exceptional children are more influenced by their families than normal children are
      [C] exceptional children are the key interest of the family and society
      [D] the needs of the society weigh much heavier than the needs of the exceptional children

      60. The reason that the exceptional children receive so much concern in education is that ________.
      [A] they are expected to be leaders of the society
      [B] they might become a burden of the society
      [C] they should fully develop their potentials
      [D] disabled children deserve special consideration

      61. This passage mainly deals with ________.
      [A] the differences of children in their learning capabilities
      [B] the definition of exceptional children in modern society
      [C] the special educational programs for exceptional children
      [D] the necessity of adapting education to exceptional children

      62. From this passage we learn that the educational concern for exceptional children ________.
      [A] is now enjoying legal support
      [B] disagrees with the tradition of the country
      [C] was clearly stated by the country's founders
      [D] will exert great influence over court decisions

      重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
      instruction [in'strʌkʃən]

      想一想再看

      n. 說明,須知,指令,教學

      聯想記憶
      response [ri'spɔns]

      想一想再看

      n. 回答,響應,反應,答復
      n. [宗

      聯想記憶
      definition [.defi'niʃən]

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      n. 定義,闡釋,清晰度

      聯想記憶
      concept ['kɔnsept]

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      n. 概念,觀念

       
      scenery ['si:nəri]

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      n. 布景,風景,背景

       
      democratic [.demə'krætik]

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      adj. 民主的,大眾的,平等的

      聯想記憶
      opportunity [.ɔpə'tju:niti]

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      n. 機會,時機

       
      capacity [kə'pæsiti]

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      n. 能力,容量,容積; 資格,職位
      adj.

      聯想記憶
      deserve [di'zə:v]

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      vi. 應該得到
      vt. 應受,值得

      聯想記憶
      potential [pə'tenʃəl]

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      adj. 可能的,潛在的
      n. 潛力,潛能

       
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