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      2013年12月英語六級改錯模擬試題(2)

      來源:考試吧 編輯:Aimee ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

        時態語態和語氣的使用錯誤
        1. 時態錯誤。 主要是指在一個句子中,出現不同的時態,從而造成時態不一致,如: He can't remember what he once knows.
        2. 語態錯誤。 在 cet6 綜合改錯題中最常見的語態錯誤是被動語態被誤用為主動語態。不及物動詞不能帶賓語,因而也就沒有被動語態。如: She was very angry at not telling the truth when she listened to the account.
        3. 虛擬語態錯誤。 此類使用錯誤在綜合改錯題中主要表現為主語和從句的語氣不協調,如: We strongly suggest that Henry is told about his physical condition as soon as possible. 句中動詞 suggest 之后的從句應用虛擬語氣,故“ is ”應該 “ be ”或“ should be ”。類似的動詞還有 demand , insist , order 等等。
        例 1 These newly wedded couples usually came here and meet 1.__________
        together to hold parties.
        由于前面的時態已經限制為過去時,而且 came 和 meet 是并列結構,兩者時態應該保持一致,因此應該將 meet 改為 met ,或者將 came 改為 come ,具體情況依據上下文的語境時態而定。
        例 2 Computer analyzed marketing reports can help deciding which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future, and which to be dropped. 1.__________
        本句中三個平行成分 which products to emphasize now , which to develop for the future 和 which to be dropped 結構模式應該一致,均采用不定式主動語態,因而 to be dropped 應改為 to drop .
        例 3 In the first place, the scientist at once put some
        kind of material into the liquid which has already 1.__________ securely obtained.
        根據句子意思可知,此處的 liquid 不可能為動作的發生者,顯然此處應該是被動語態,故應該將 has 改為 is 或者在 has 后加 been 均可,意思是指“已經安全獲得的液體”。
        例 4 Did they gone there yesterday, they would have discovered 1.__________ the truth.
        根據句子意思可知,這句話是說如果他們昨天去了就會發現事實真相,然而他們并未去,此處是虛擬語氣,因此應該使用虛擬語氣的格式,將 Did 改為 Had .

        練習題
        1 These small households were portraits of
        independence: the entire family, mother, father,
        children, even grandparents live in a small house
        and working together to support each other. 1.__________
        2 In the meantime the unscientific world awoke
        to the fact that scientists are on the track of a great 2.__________
        discovery.
        3 For in 1895, the year of the Curie marriage,
        Roentgen discovered the famous rays that are 3.__________
        named after him—— he forerunners of modern
        X-rays.
        4 Mary hoped at one time to study at the University
        of Cracow, then under Austrian rule. But when she
        demanded to allowed to attend science lectures, the 4.__________
        secretary said that science was not a thing in which
        women can meddle.
        5 Many part-time stu dents expected to offered some 5.__________
        jobs on campus during the coming summer vacation.
        6 Many people who live in London think that life in
        a large city offered special advantages. 6.__________
        7 The changes that taken place in air travel during 7.__________
        the last sixty years would have seemed impossible
        to even the most Brilliant scientists at the turn of
        the 19th century.
        8 I regret having left the work unfinished, I should
        have plan every thing ahead carefully. 8.__________
        9 No bank kept enough cash to pay all its depositors 9.__________
        in full at one time.
        10 The Conestoga wagon, used for carry heavy loads 10.__________
        over long distances, originated around 1725 in a region
        of Pennsylvania occupied by Conestoga Indians.

      重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
      occupied

      想一想再看

      adj. 已占用的;使用中的;無空閑的 v. 占有(oc

       
      meddle ['medl]

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      vi. 干預,干涉,插手

       
      emphasize ['emfəsaiz]

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      vt. 強調,著重

       
      wagon ['wægən]

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      n. 四輪馬車,貨車
      v. 用四輪馬車運

       
      independence [.indi'pendəns]

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      n. 獨立,自主,自立

       
      unscientific ['ʌn,saiən'tifik]

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      adj. 不科學的,不符合科學原理的;非學術的;無科學知

       
      unfinished [,ʌn'finiʃt]

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      adj. 未完成的

       
      impossible [im'pɔsəbl]

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      adj. 不可能的,做不到的
      adj.

      聯想記憶
      liquid ['likwid]

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      adj. 液體的,液態的
      n. 液體

       
      brilliant ['briljənt]

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      adj. 卓越的,光輝的,燦爛的
      n. 寶石

      聯想記憶
      ?

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