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      2013年12月英語六級改錯模擬試題(1)

      來源:考試吧 編輯:Aimee ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

        錯誤類型邏輯表達錯誤 2.介詞使用錯誤 3.代詞使用錯誤 4.非謂語動詞使用錯誤 5.主謂語前后不一致錯誤 6.名詞的使用錯誤 7.冠詞的使用錯誤 8.詞性使用錯誤 9.句子結構的錯誤10.時態語態和語氣的使用錯誤 11.易混淆詞的使用錯誤。
        易混淆詞的使用錯誤
        英語詞匯中有很多詞在拼寫上、語義上很相似,如 assure/ensure , rise/arise/raise , effect/affect ,但是它們的用法卻迥然不同。這些易混淆的詞構成六級改錯的一個重要錯誤類型,也是比較難的一種類型,這個需要考生在平時的學習過程中注意知識的積累,并多做些總結和歸納,從中找出一些規律。
        例 1 His persistence was awarded when the car finally started. 1.__________
        句中“ award ”是“頒發,授予(獎賞)”之義,而文中要表達的意思是“汽車終于啟動了,那就是對他堅持不懈精神的回報”,應把 award 改成 reward .
        例 2 Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are prepared to put up with in the name of better health is a highly personal matter, not a decision we should remain to doctors 1.__________ alone.
        “ remain ”意為“保持,仍然”,是一個表示狀態的動詞,其用法和系動詞“ be ”相似,后面所接成分一般是名詞或形容詞,作表語,而“ leave sth. to sb. ”意思是“把某物留給某人”。本句很明顯是“ leave…to… ”的句型,所以應該把 remain 改為 leave .
        例 3 Of course the press means more than newspaper. A vast
        amount of magazines are published, aimed at readers 1.__________interested in all sorts of subjects.
        因為 amount 表示數量時只與不可數名詞連用,而本句中后面所接名詞為“ magazines ”,是復數名詞,應該使用表示復數形式的 number ,故應該把 amount 改為 number .
        例 4 Today, flint has small importance as an industrial product. 1.__________“small”用于表示人或物的體積尺寸,不能修飾抽象名詞 importance ,因此應把 small 改為可以修飾不可數抽象名詞的 little .

        練習題
        1 Industry officials predicted that mobile communications
        service will soon be comparative in many respects to the 1.__________
        service provided by telephone that do not move.
        2 In today's society, “Smoking effects your health” has 2.__________
        become a warning which is known to almost every house hold.
        3 For his outstanding achievements in graduate teaching
        he is held in big esteem by his students and colleagues. 3.__________
        4 Supersonic craft may disturb the upper atmosphere to
        such an extent that dangerous radiation from the sun might
        reach the earth, with unimaginative effects on life there. 4.__________
        5 In the late nineteen century, farm work and life were not 5.__________
        much changed from what they had been in the old days.
        6 Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are prepared
        to put up with in the name o better health is a high personal 6.__________
        matter, not a decision we should remain to doctors alone. 7.__________
        7 Whenever the subject of smoking and health is risen, 8.__________
        the governments of most countries hears no evil, see no evil
        and smell no evil.
        8 If I were to live my life over again, I would pay more
        attention to the cultivation of the memory. I would strengthen
        that faculty by every possible mean, and on every possible 9.__________
        occasion.
        9 The government of most countries spending huge sum of
        money for international defense. 10.__________

      重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
      disturb [dis'tə:b]

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      v. 擾亂,妨礙,使 ... 不安

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      decision [di'siʒən]

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      n. 決定,決策

       
      persistence [pə'sistəns]

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      n. 堅持,毅力

       
      affect [ə'fekt]

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      vt. 影響,作用,感動

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      comparable ['kɔmpərəbl]

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      adj. 可比較的,比得上的

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      esteem [is'ti:m]

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      n. 尊敬
      vt. 認為,尊敬

       
      cultivation [.kʌlti'veiʃən]

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      n. 教化,培養,耕作

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      extent [iks'tent]

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      n. 廣度,寬度,長度,大小,范圍,范圍,程度

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      defense [di'fens]

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      n. 防衛,防衛物,辯護
      vt. 防守

       
      strengthen ['streŋθən]

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      v. 加強,變堅固

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