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      您現在的位置: 首頁 > 在線廣播 > NPR News > 2022年NPR News > 正文

      安倍遇刺后 日本修憲派選舉獲勝

      來源:可可英語 編輯:Kelly ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
        


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      Japan's Liberal Democratic Party and its allies won national elections.

      日本自民黨及其執政盟友贏得了全國大選。

      The vote came after an assassin killed the former prime minister, Shinzo Abe.

      這次投票是在一名刺客殺害前首相安倍晉三之后進行的。

      He'd been a member of the winning party.

      他曾經是勝利黨的一員。

      One question is who committed the attack; the other is where the ruling coalition will take the world's third-largest economy.

      一個問題是誰實施了這次襲擊; 另一個問題是執政聯盟將把世界第三大經濟體帶到哪里。

      NPR's Anthony Kuhn is a frequent visitor to Japan - joins us from Seoul. Hey there, Anthony.

      NPR新聞的安東尼·庫恩經常訪問日本,他在首爾和我們連線。嗨, 安東尼。

      Hi, Steve.

      嗨,史蒂夫。

      What do these election results mean?

      選舉結果意味著什么?

      Well, the election results are actually the part of the story that was sort of expected.

      嗯,選舉結果實際上是故事的一部分,在某種程度上是預料之中的。

      The ruling bloc held on to their majority in Parliament.

      執政陣營保住了他們在議會中的多數席位。

      It's a show of support for Prime Minister Fumio Kishida nine months into his term, and so now he can pursue his policy agenda without having to face voters until 2025.

      這是對上任九個月的日本首相岸田文雄的支持,所以現在他可以在2025年之前不必面對選民就可以推行自己的政策。

      And the ruling LDP and its allies also have a two-thirds majority, which they need to amend the constitution.

      執政的自民黨及其盟友擁有三分之二的多數席位,這是他們修改憲法所需的席位。

      And this was Abe's goal. He wanted to change the constitution to get rid of restraints on Japan's military imposed after World War II.

      這就是安倍的目標。 他希望修改憲法,擺脫二戰后對日本軍方施加的限制。

      This would be a historic shift for Japan, which Abe failed to achieve during his lifetime, but he could move closer to it in death.

      對于日本來說,這將是一個歷史性的轉變,安倍生前未能實現,但他死后可能會更接近這一轉變。

      Just so that I understand why that would be important, Japan has these self-defense forces not formally called a military.

      我理解為什么這一轉變很重要,日本有這些沒有被正式稱為軍隊的自衛隊。

      Well, they want to be able to deploy it overseas in defense of allies.

      嗯,他們希望能夠在海外部署軍隊來保護盟友。

      They want to raise defense spending.

      他們希望提高國防開支。

      And Prime Minister Kishida said he will work towards all of these things, work to carry out Abe's goals.

      岸田文雄首相表示,他將為所有這些事情努力,為實現安倍的目標而努力。

      Oh, it changes what the military that they have can do.

      這改變了他們現有的軍隊所能做的事情。

      OK, so there's a suspect in Abe's killing.

      對了,安倍謀殺案抓住嫌疑人了。

      He used a homemade weapon. And a man was arrested. What's he saying?

      他用的是自制武器。一名男子被捕。他說了什么?

      Well, he said not long after the shooting that his family went bankrupt and fell apart because his mother gave a lot of money to a religious group, and he blamed Shinzo Abe for supporting that group.

      嗯,他說,槍擊事件發生后不久,他的家庭就破產了,分崩離析,因為他的母親給一個宗教組織捐了很多錢,他指責安倍晉三支持那個組織。

      And today, one group known as the Unification Church, founded by Reverend Sun Myung Moon, said that the suspect's mother was indeed a member of the church, but they declined to say anything about whether she had donated money or not.

      今天,一個名為統一教的組織(該組織的創始人是牧師文鮮明)表示,嫌疑人的母親確實是該教會的成員,但他們拒絕透露她是否捐款。

      So there are still key links in this mystery that are missing.

      因此,這一謎團中仍有一些關鍵環節缺失。

      Yeah. Well, it's always difficult to get into the head of someone who does something like this.

      要了解一個做這種事的人的想法總是很困難的。

      We shouldn't assume that what they do is rational, but we're trying to figure out the reason they give.

      我們不應該假設他們的行為是理性的,但我們要試圖搞清楚他們給出的理由。

      So he is talking about some kind of connection between a church and politicians.

      他說的是教會和政客之間的某種聯系。

      Yes. And I wanted to find more about this, so I spoke to Jeffrey Hall.

      是。我想了解更多信息,所以我采訪了杰弗里·霍爾。

      He's an expert at Japanese politics at Kanda University of International Studies near Tokyo.

      他是位于東京附近的神田外語大學的日本政治專家。

      And he told me that the relationship between the Unification Church and Abe and his party actually goes back to Abe's grandfather, who was a prime minister in the 1960s. Here's what he said.

      他告訴我,統一教與安倍和他的政黨之間的關系實際上可以追溯到安倍的祖父,他是上世紀60年代的首相。 他是這么說的。

      Over the decades, the Unification Church has provided voters and contributions to conservative politicians in Japan, all the way down to Abe.

      幾十年來,統一教一直為日本的保守派政客提供選民和捐款,一直到安倍。

      But Jeffrey Hall cautioned us that we need to reserve judgment and not point fingers until more details of this case become clear.

      但杰弗里·霍爾告誡我們,在案件的更多細節變得清晰之前,我們需要保留看法,不要指責。

      Yeah, always good advice, but interesting threads and clues there.

      是的,這總是很好的建議,不過提供了有趣的線索。

      Where does the story go from here?

      故事接下來會如何發展?

      Well, Abe's family is going to hold a private wake at a Buddhist temple in Tokyo.

      安倍的家人將在東京的一座佛教寺廟舉行私人守靈儀式。

      There will be a family funeral at the temple on Tuesday and a public memorial at a later date to be determined.

      周二將在該寺廟舉行一場家庭葬禮,稍后將會有一場公眾紀念活動,具體日期還有待確定。

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      military ['militəri]

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      adj. 軍事的
      n. 軍隊

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      unification [.ju:nifi'keiʃən]

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      n. 統一,一致

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      rational ['ræʃənəl]

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      adj. 合理的,理性的,能推理的
      n. 有理

       
      defense [di'fens]

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      n. 防衛,防衛物,辯護
      vt. 防守

       
      mystery ['mistəri]

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      n. 神秘,秘密,奧秘,神秘的人或事物

       
      election [i'lekʃən]

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