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          last Tuesday是“上周二”還是“上一個周二”?

          來源:可可英語 編輯:Alisa ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
            


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          This week received a question about time expressions from Dara in Cambodia. He asks,

          本周我們收到了關于時間表達的一個問題,提問者是來自柬埔寨的達拉。他問,

          Do you use the phrase "last Tuesday?"

          你使用"上個星期二"這樣的表達么?

          If so, what does it mean? Does it mean "on Tuesday last week" or "on Tuesday this week?"

          如果用的話,它是什么意思呢?它的意思是"上周的星期二"還是"這周的星期二"?

          I have the same question for "next Tuesday." Thank you. - Dara, Cambodia.

          關于"下個星期二",我也有同樣的問題。謝謝你。-達拉,來自柬埔寨。

          Dear Dara, That is a great question.

          親愛的達拉,這是個很棒的問題。

          Even native English speakers can misunderstand these expressions.

          就算是說英語的本地人都可能理解錯這樣的表達。

          "Last" and "next" are both adjectives.

          "上一個"和"下一個"都是形容詞。

          When we use them with a day of the week, their meaning can change depending on the time we are speaking.

          當我們把這兩個詞和一周內的某天連用時,它們的意思會根據我們說話時的時間發生改變。

          "Last" means the most recent.

          "上一個"意思是最近的。

          If today is Wednesday, and I tell you, "I talked with her last Tuesday," you might think I meant I talked with her eight days ago.

          如果今天是星期三,我告訴你,"上個周二我和她說話了,"你可能認為我的意思是我八天前和她說過話。

          The reason is if I had talked with her only one day ago, I would have said, "I talked with her yesterday."

          因為如果我就是一天前和她說過話,我會說,"我昨天和她說話了。"

          So, when I say, "I talked with her last Tuesday," I mean the Tuesday of the week before.

          所以,當我說"我上個周二和她說話了," 我的意思是前面那一周的周二。

          Now imagine that today is Thursday or Friday.

          現在假設今天是周四或者周五。

          That means Tuesday is only a few days ago.

          那么周二就是幾天前。

          Here is what I would probably say: "I talked to her on Tuesday."

          那么我很可能會說:"我周二和她說話了。"

          But now imagine it is Saturday or Sunday, a little further away from the day I talked with her.

          但是假設今天是周六或周日,距離我和她說話的時間稍微有點遠。

          If I say, "I talked with her last Tuesday" you would probably ask me, "Do you mean on Tuesday of this week?" to make certain of the exact day.

          如果我說,"我和她上個周二說話了",你很可能會問我,"你說的是本周的周二么?"來確定具體日期。

          Note that people in different places where English is spoken use these expressions in somewhat different ways.

          注意,說英語的人們,地區不一樣他們使用這些表達的方式也有些不同。

          So it is not unusual for native speakers to ask questions when they hear someone using "last" or "next" with a day.

          所以本地人聽到別人說"上一個"或者"下一個"某天時,他們也會詢問,這很常見。

          "Next" means "coming after the one that just came or happened." Suppose you get a message by email that says, "The meeting is next Tuesday."

          "下一個"意思是"剛剛發生的那天之后而來的。"假設你收到一封郵件內容是,"會議安排在下個周二。"

          Since today is Wednesday, it is clear that the meeting will be in six days.

          因為今天是周三,很明顯會議在六天后召開。

          But if you have not been reading your email regularly and you get the message on Monday, you may want to check the date on the message.

          但是如果你沒有定期查看郵件,周一才看到,你可能想要核實消息中會議的日期。

          If you did not look at the date of the email, you would probably think the meeting is in eight days.

          如果你沒有看郵件的日期,你很可能會認為會議在八天后召開。

          The reason is that the writer would have said, "The meeting is tomorrow" if it was on Tuesday of the current week.

          因為如果是本周周二的話,發件人可能會寫"會議明天召開。"你可以檢查下自己是否理解了。

          You can check your understanding. Imagine that today is Friday. You are having a party eight days from now. Which expression is the best to use?

          假設今天是周五。你將會在八天后開派對。用下面哪個說法最好呢?

          1. Can you come to my party next Saturday?

          1. 你下周六能來參加我的派對么?

          2. Can you come to my party on Saturday?

          2. 你周六能來參加我的派對么?

          And that's Ask a Teacher for this week.

          以上就是本期名師答疑的全部內容。

          I'm Jill Robbins.

          我是吉爾·羅賓斯。

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