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      連種地都有性別歧視了?!(3)

      來源:可可英語 編輯:Alisa ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

      And tuberculosis is a big issue in Ukraine.

      肺結核是烏克蘭需要解決的一個大問題。

      And these were men living in remote areas, in rural areas, working in mines.

      烏克蘭有住在偏遠地區,農村地區以及在礦場工作的男性。

      However, the preventive measures and the way they were designed, they didn't account for it.

      但是,政府頒布的保護措施和手段并沒有將這些人考慮進來。

      They were actually targeting those sectors, such as education and health, where women traditionally dominate.

      他們將目光放在了其他領域,例如教育和醫療,這些領域,通常來講,女性占大多數。

      And this is fine, but they really didn’t account for the needs of the men in these groups. And why?

      這挺好的。但是,政府并沒有考慮到這些群體中男性的需求。為什么呢?

      Because gender equality was not important in the budget decision.

      因為他們認為性別平等在預算決策中并不重要。

      So what I'm trying to illustrate here is not only that we need to account for gender equality to achieve our objectives of equality, but we also need to account for it to make more common-sense budgetary decisions, more effective and efficient budgets.

      我想說的是,我們不僅需要考慮性別平等來實現平等的目標,而且需要考慮性別平等來做更多常識性的預算決策,以及更有效和效率的預算。

      So how do we do that?

      所以,我們應該怎么做呢?

      It looks equally entertaining, but now, we also add gender, so it's a total mess, and we would think, "How do we even go about that?"

      這看起來同等的有趣?,F在,我們加入了性別因素,這看起來很混亂,我們會想,“我們該怎樣利用性別因素?”

      But of course, it's not as complex as that, because in the heart of this work is gender analysis.

      當然,這并沒有我們想的那么復雜,因為這項工作的核心就是性別分析。

      And what do I mean by that?

      我的意思是說,

      So when we are planning, as finance officers, any financial or fiscal decision, meaning when we are planning introducing a new tax, for example, the core is to analyze how will that influence different groups in a society?

      我們像財政官員一樣謀劃任何一項金融或財政相關的決定時,例如,我們計劃推出一項新的稅收,我們最需要去做的就是分析這項新稅收會對整個社會的不同群體產生什么樣的影響。

      So will we have our gender gaps increased -- we don’t want to do that -- reduced or leave the status quo?

      所以,我們希望看到性別差距加大嗎?我們并不想看到這樣的結果--我們想縮小或者改變現狀嗎?

      So, of course, we want to reduce them, and I just want to put it here as well, in most countries -- not all, unfortunately, but in a lot of countries around the world, we have a very solid legislative framework for gender equality.

      當然,我們想縮小性別差距,并且,我想說,大多數國家- 很可惜, 并不是所有國家,世界上大多數國家,由關于性別平等可靠的法律框架。

      We have commitments.

      我們有保障。

      But when it comes to budget and finance, that's where, suddenly, the story evaporates.

      但是,說到預算和財政,這些就都沒有了。

      So when it comes to money, it's not really analyzed for gender impact.

      談到錢,也沒有分析過性別的影響。

      So this is really important, and we do this in, as I said, three steps.

      性別平等很重要,我們需要按照我說的三個步驟做。

      I will take you very fast through these steps, don't worry.

      不用擔心,我將帶你們非??焖俚倪^一遍這三個步驟。

      So the first step is really to do a situation analysis.

      首先,我們要做一個情景分析。

      So in our agriculture example, if we had done a situation analysis, and if we had known the gender gaps in this sector, we wouldn't have been surprised.

      以我們剛才提到的農業案例來說,如果我們做過情景分析,而且了解這個領域的性別差距,我們就不會感到意外。

      We would have known that women do not own land, so we wouldn't give this as a requirement, and we would definitely have known that we need to inform them in a different way.

      我們會了解到女性沒有屬于自己的土地,就不會將這一項作為申請的條件之一,我們會用不同的方式通知她們這項政策。

      So this is the first step.

      所以,這是第一步要做的。

      The second step is related to my example with sex disaggregation, you will remember from the beginning.

      第二步,你們會從一開始就記得,我關于性別分類的例子。

      So we really need to know the beneficiaries that we are trying to serve.

      我們需要了解要提供撥款的受益人。

      And now you are thinking, "This sounds very obvious," but it's not done.

      現在,你想到,“這聽起來很不錯,”但是這還根本沒有實現。

      And the third step, of course, is to know the procedures.

      當然,第三步就是要了解程序步驟。

      How will we give this budget out, who will have access?

      我們通過什么方式將預算發出?哪些人會受到這些預算?

      What will be the excluded groups? And that's it.

      排除在外的群體又是哪些?就是這樣步驟。

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      core [kɔ:]

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      n. 果心,核心,要點
      vt. 挖去果核

       
      complex ['kɔmpleks]

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      adj. 復雜的,復合的,合成的
      n. 復合體

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      illustrate ['iləstreit]

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      v. 舉例說明,(為書)作插圖,圖解

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      analysis [ə'næləsis]

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      n. 分析,解析

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      framework ['freimwə:k]

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      n. 結構,框架,參照標準,體系

       
      budget ['bʌdʒit]

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      n. 預算
      vt. 編預算,為 ... 做預算

       
      status ['steitəs]

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      entertaining [entə'teiniŋ]

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      efficient [i'fiʃənt]

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