Okay, the compass setting is all done.
Oh, yeah, the Halloween you went as a lion and we learned how chocolate was made.
That was a great night.
And there's another reason you want to pick that night, huh.
You're right, squeaks!
If you can travel to Halloween whenever you want, that does mean you get infinite free candy.
That's actually pretty smart.
Let's check out that episode and get to work on the machine.
Hi, guys, we just got back from trick-or-treating.
Iowa is a scientist and squeaks is a lion.
Give us your best roar, squeaks.
We got a ton of candy this year.
Squeaks likes gummy worms but i like chocolate.
Where does chocolate come from?
Great question, squeaks!
Believe it or not, chocolate grows on trees.
The main ingredient in a chocolate bar starts out looking just like this.
I know they look nothing like this, chocolate bar or even the cocoa powder we put in hot chocolate.
Those are actually beans and not just any beans.
The beans that give us chocolate grow on the cacao tree.
And it takes a lot of hard work to turn them into the type of chocolate that we can eat.
You might think that any tree that helps us to make chocolate is pretty special and you'd be right.
Cacao trees are picky about where they like to grow because they need lots of heat and water.
So most cacao trees grow in a part of the world that's right in the middle where there are lots of warm wet rain forests.
Now even though the cacao tree needs lots of heat.
It doesn't do well in bright sun.
So the tree doesn't get too tall.
Instead it grows closer to the ground, where it can stay mostly in the shade that's made by taller trees.
Like a lot of trees, the cacao tree makes flowers.
Its flowers are white and they grow right along the main part of the tree.
Straight out of the bark, part of these flowers eventually grow into big pods.
It can take six whole months for the pods to be ready. That's half a year.
Once a cacao pod is ripe and ready a person cuts it from the tree using a sharp knife.
And when they open up the pod, it looks like this.
Can you see the beans?
Inside of each pod are about 50 cacao beans, along with a bunch of white stuff called pulp.
People scoop out the beans and pulp from inside the pods.
Then put what they scooped out into big wooden boxes and leave everything alone for about a week.
During that week, the white pulp turns into liquid leaving behind the cacao beans which are then put into the sun to get nice and dry.
Now, these beans may look brown like the chocolate you see in stores but they don't taste like that chocolate.
A cacao bean tastes pretty bitter.
And it takes some work in a chocolate factory to turn these beans into the delicious treats that we get to eat.
At the factory, the first thing they do is to roast the beans in big ovens.
After cacao bean is roasted, it turns dark and looks like this.
Next they take off the hard outside of the cacao beans leaving the soft insides.
Then they smash and grind the inside until it's a thin paste.
And we can do lots of different things with this paste.
To make a chocolate bar, the chocolate factory mixes the paste with things like sugar and milk.
Then they stir the mixture for a long time and pour it into a mold which is kind of like a bowl.
That's specially shaped to look like a chocolate bar.
They leave the chocolate to cool for a while and become solid instead of all liquidy, then they take it out of the mold, wrap it up and send it to stores for us to buy.
From a cacao tree to your store, that's a lot of work that goes into one piece of chocolate.
But i think it's worth it and now it's finally time to enjoy our Halloween treats.
Okay, squeaks, the Halloween setting is ready to go.
I have one more day in mind that i really liked.
The day we got back home to the fort from our research trip in Cahokia.
That was a really great day, wasn't it?
It was so great to be back with all of our friends.
Do you want to add it?
Okay, let's get going and check out that episode while we're at it.